Posted by Share-Net NL on March 24, 2015 at 9:59 am
Cervical cancer is one of the gravest threats to women’s lives. It is estimated that over a million women worldwide currently have cervical cancer. Most of these women have not been diagnosed, nor do they have access to treatment that could cure them or prolong their lives. In 2012, 528 000 new cases of cervical cancer were diagnosed, and 266 000 women died of the disease, nearly 90% of them in low- to middle-income countries. Without urgent attention, deaths due to cervical cancer are projected to rise by almost 25% over the next 10 years. Cervical cancer occurs worldwide, but the highest incidence rates are found in Central and South America, East Africa, South and South-East Asia, and the Western Pacific. Over the past three decades, cervical cancer rates have fallen in most of the developed world, largely as a result of screening and treatment programmes. In contrast, rates in most developing countries have risen or remained unchanged. Major disparities also exist in the developed world, where rural and poorer women are at greatest risk of invasive cervical cancer.