- Used self-generated condom use outcomes to generate a questionnaire.
- Confirmed the 3-factor structure: positive, negative, and safe sex outcomes.
- Positive condom use outcome expectancies predicted condom use.
- Positive condom use outcome expectancies predicted intentions to use condoms.
- Negative condom use outcome expectancies predicted non-use of condoms.
Rationale: Engaging in risky sexual behavior increases transmission of HIV.
Objective: The present study used previously elicited salient outcomes of condom use to examine the factor structure and test the predictive utility of a condom use expectancy scale.
Methods: Participants were drug offenders from court ordered drug diversion programs in Southern California. The condom use expectancy scale consisted of three factors: positive condom outcome items, negative condom outcome items, and safe sex items.
Results: The factor analysis confirmed the three-factor structure. Positive condom use expectancies were a significant predictor of both condom use and intentions to use condoms, and negative condom use expectancies predicted non-use of condoms.
Conclusion: Understanding conditions of condom use can aid public health researchers and practitioners to better identify those in need of HIV prevention and how to target those needs.
- Condom use;
- Drug use;